Bad breath is a serious problem as it deteriorates your social image and that too, without you noticing it. It is a common problem and people generally do not know how to cope with it. Bad breath can be due to many reasons, and gum diseases can be one of those reasons. A main disease of teeth and gums is gingivitis. It is the irritation and swelling of the gums.

It is a kind of infection that happens due to bacteria. It starts when bacteria attack tissues and bones in the body. This disease starts with mild symptoms, and takes a vicious form if not treated properly. In the severe form, it can also be life threatening.
 
To prevent gingivitis, you should maintain good oral care, and take care of your teeth and not let the plaque build up. Plaque is a sticky coat that covers your teeth. If you do not maintain good oral care, plaque will build up on your teeth, and act as a host to bacteria. These bacteria cause various diseases including gingivitis.
 
There are more causes of gingivitis than just plaque. Sometimes, gingivitis results from an underlying sickness. It can also occur as the side effect of some medications.
 
Hormonal changes in the body might also trigger gingivitis. Hormonal changes can take place in the body die to many reasons, like puberty, pregnancy etc.
 
It is important to understand the symptoms of gingivitis in order to fight with the disease in a better way.
 
* It begins with the swelling, irritation and reddening of the gums. Later pain and bleeding also develop.
 
* You start getting bad breath.
 
* You get gum inflammation. This is due to the action of bacteria.
 
If you are noticing all these symptoms, it is time for you to visit your dentist and get a consultation. You need to practice good oral care at home, and brush your teeth at least twice daily, and not forget to floss.
Generally, you can prevent gingivitis at home by taking care of your oral hygiene. If you do not take care of your teeth, your gingivitis might even take a dangerous turn and get into ANUG (Acute Necrotizing Ulcerative Gingivitis), which is also known as trench mouth. If this happens, you need to get a treatment at a hospital.
 
You can get a simple clinical diagnosis for gingivitis. The dentist can do the diagnosis by getting to know your medical history and background. He might take your x-rays, tissue samples and blood work etc.
 
If you do not want to get gingivitis, prevention is better than cure, and this begins at home. As stated earlier, maintain good oral care and visit your dentist regularly. This will help you remove any plaque that is built up on your teeth. Once your dentist removes the plaque, regular brushing and flossing will inhibit the formation and build-up of plaque on your teeth. However, if you do have gingivitis, your dentist will prescribe you some antibiotics that you can take.
 
Fight gingivitis and have good oral health.

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